A: Lactase is the enzyme that converts the disaccharide lactose, a sugar found in milk, to the simple sugars galactose and glucose.
Q: What happens if we drink milk without lactase being present?
A: The lactose in milk has an osmotic effect, that is, it draws water into the gut. This can cause diarrhea and cramping. Lactose is also a food for many of the bacteria in our intestinal tracts. This extra food boosts the population of gas-producing bacteria which causes bloating and gassiness in humans.
Q: Why do we need lactase supplements?
A: Lactase is one of the enzymes known to be genetically programmed to decrease in production around age 6. If dairy is still consumed as we age, then one should use lactase when eating dairy to prevent the uncomfortable symptoms of lactase deficiency, or lactose intolerance. We have 3 products that contain lactase: Zyme Prime
Q: From what organisms is lactase derived?
A: Supplemental lactase is derived from yeast such as Kluyveromyces fragilis and Kluyveromyces lactis and from fungi such as Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus oryzae.